Tank Paling Tangguh di Dunia

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Dalam sebuah dunia militer, kendaraan tank merupakan salah satu sarana yang memiliki peran penting untuk mempertahankan negara, karena tank mampu bergerak di segala medan dan juga memiliki kemampuan serang yang kuat. Ada banyak jenis tank yang ada di dunia ini, dan berikut adalah daftar tank yang paling tangguh di dunia.

1. M1A2 Abrams (Amerika)

Type : Main battle tank
Asal : United States
Perancang : Chrysler Defense
Dirancang : 1980
Produsen : Lima Army Tank Plant (1980-present)
Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant (1982-1996)
Harga : US $ 6.21 jt (M1A2 / FY99)
Berat : 67,6 ton pendek (61,3 t; 60,4 ton panjang)
Panjang : 32.04 ft (9,77 m)
Lebar : 12 ft (3,66 m)
Tinggi : 8 ft (2,44 m)
Awak : 4 Orang (komandan, gunner, loader, driver)

Armour/pelindung : Chobham, RH Armor, Plat baja dilapisi uranium
Persenjataan utama : 105 mm L52 M68 rifled cannon (M1) 120 mm L44 M256 smoothbore cannon (M1A1, M1A2, M1A2SEP) 42 rounds
Senjata pelengkap : 1 x .50-caliber (12.7 mm) M2HB 900 rounds heavy machine gun
2 x 7.62 mm (.308) M240 machine guns (1 pintle-mounted, 1 coaxial)

Mesin : Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fuel turbine engine 1,500 shp (1,120 kW)
Tenaga/berat : 24.5 hp/metric ton
Transmisi : Allison DDA X-1100-3B
Suspensi : Batang puntir/torsi (torsion bar)
Kapasitas BBM : 500 US gallons (1,900 liter)
Daya Jelajah : 479.24 km, dengan sistem NBC 567.24 km
Kecepatan : 72 km/h , track off-road: 52.8 km/h


2. Leopard 2A6 (Jerman)

Type : Main battle tank
Asal : Jerman barat
Perancang : Krauss-Maffei
Dirancang : 1970
Produsen : Wegmann Krauss-Maffei
Maschinenbau Kiel
Harga 2A6 : US $ 5,74 + juta (2007)
Berat : 62,3 ton
Panjang : 9,97 m (393 in) (forward gun)
Lebar : 3,75 m (148 in)
Tinggi : 3,0 m (120 in)
Awak : 4 Orang

Armour/pelindung : 3 bahan Komponen Utama, antara lain high-hardness steel, tungsten dan plastic filler dengan komponen keramik.
Persenjataan utama : 1 x 120 mm Rheinmetall L55 smoothbore gun 42 rounds
Senjata pelengkap : 2 x 7.62 mm MG3A1 4,750 rounds

Mesin : MTU MB 873 Ka-501 liquid-cooled V-12 Twin-turbo diesel 1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW) at 2600 rpm
Tenaga/berat : 24.1 PS/t (17.7 kW/t)
Transmisi : Renk HSWL 354
Suspensi : Torsion-bar suspension
Kapasitas BBM : 1,200 liters
Daya Jelajah : 550 km (340 mi) (internal fuel)
kecepatan : 72 km/h (45 mph)


3. British Challenger 2 (Inggris)

Type : Main battle tank
Asal : United Kingdom
Produsen : Alvis Vickers

Harga : ~£4,217,000/~$7,921,000/~€5,590,000
Berat : 62,5 ton
Panjang : 8,3 m (11.50 m with forward gun)
Lebar : 3,5 m (4.2 M with applique armour)
Tinggi : 2,5 m (120 in)
Awak : 4 Orang

Armour/pelindung : Chobam / Dotchester Lv 2
Persenjataan utama : L30A1 120 mm rifled gun 52 rounds
Persenjataan kedua : Coaxial 7.62 mm L94A1 EX-34 (chain gun), 7.62 mm L37A2 Commander's cupola machine gun

Mesin : Perkins CV-12 Diesel
1,200 hp (890 kW)
1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW) at 2600 rpm
Tenaga/berat : 19.2 hp/t (14.2 kW/t)
Transmisi : David Brown TN54 epicyclic transmission (6 fwd, 2 rev.)
Suspensi : Hydropneumatic
Jarak Operasi : 450 km (280 mi)
kecepatan : 59 km/h (37 mph), 40 km/h (25 mph) off road


4. LeClerc (Francis)

Type : Main battle tank
Asal : France
Produsen : GIAT Industries (now Nexter)

Harga : ₣ 29,000,000 in 1993, € 15,900,000 in 2001 according to the Cour des comptes
Berat : 54.5 ton
Panjang : 9.87 m with forward gun)
Lebar : 3.71 m
Tinggi : 2,53 m
Awak : 3 Orang (Commander, gunner, driver)

Armour/pelindung : Steel, titanium, NERA
Persenjataan utama : GIAT CN120-26/52, 120mm tank gun 40 rounds (1 round ready to fire in the chamber, 22 rounds inside the autoloader magazine with additional 18 rounds in the chassis)
Persenjataan kedua : 12.7 mm coaxial M2HB machine gun 1,100 rounds, 7.62mm machine gun 3,000 rounds

Mesin : 8-cylinder diesel Wärtsilä
1,500 hp (1,100 kW)
1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW) at 2600 rpm
Tenaga/berat : 27.52 hp/tonne
Transmisi : Automatic SESM ESM500
Suspensi : Hydropneumatic
Jarak Operasi : 550 km, 650 km (400 mi) with external fuel
Kecepatan : 75 km/h (47 mph)


5. T-80UM2 (Rusia)

Type : Main battle tank
Asal : Soviet Union
Desainer : Nikolay Popov, LKZ (T-80), Morozov (T-80UD)
Produsen : LKZ and Omsk Transmash Russia, Malyshev Ukraine

Harga : USD $2.2 million T80U export, 1994
Berat : 42.5 tonnes T-80B, 46 tonnes T-80U
Panjang : 9.654 m (31 ft 8.1 in) T-80U (gun forward)
Lebar : 3.603 m
Tinggi : 2.202 m
Awak : 3 Orang (Commander, gunner, driver)

Armour/pelindung : T-80U turret 780mm vs APFSDS 1,320mm VS HEA
Persenjataan utama : A46M-1 with 45 rounds T-80U, 9M112 Kobra ATGM,9M119 Refleks ATGM, 6 missiles T-80U
persenjataan kedua : 7.62 mm PKT coax MG, 12.7 mm NSVT or PKT antiaircraft MG

Mesin : GTD-1250 turbine T-80U, or one of 3 diesel T-80UD 1,250 hp
Tenaga/berat : 27.2 hp/tonne
Transmisi : Manual 4 forward, 1 reverse T-80U
Suspensi : Torsion bar
Kapasitas BBM : 1,100 litres (internal), 740 litres (external)
Jarak Operasi : 335 km (208 mi) (road, without external tanks) 440 km (270 mi) (road, with external tanks)
kecepatan : 70 km/h (43 mph) (road), 48 km/h (30 mph) (cross country)


6. T90 (Rusia)

Type : Main battle tank
Asal : Russian Federation
Desainer : Kartsev-Venediktov
Produsen : Uralvagonzavod

Harga : $2.23 million (in January, 2007)
Berat : 46.5 ton
Panjang : 9.53 m
Lebar : 3.78 m
Tinggi : 2.22 m
Awak : 3 Orang (Commander, gunner, driver)

Armour/pelindung : Steel-composite-reactive blend vs APFSDS: 550 mm + 250-280mm with Kontakt-5 = 800-830mm; vs HEAT: 650 mm + 500-700mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150-1,350mm
Persenjataan utama : 125 mm smoothbore gun with ATGM capability; mainly 9M119 SvirATGM,9M119 Refleks ATGM, 6 missiles T-80U
Persenjataan kedua : 77.62 mm coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun

Mesin : Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel
V-92 12-cyl. diesel
V-96 12-cyl. diesel
840 hp (626 kW) for Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
1000hp (736 kW) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine
1,250 hp (919 kW) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Tenaga/berat : 18.1 hp/tonne (13.5 kW/tonne) for Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
21.5 hp/tonne (15.7 kW/tonne) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine
26.9 hp/tonne (19.8 kW/tonne) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Suspensi : Torsion bar
Jarak Operasi : 550 km (340 mi)
kecepatan : 60 km/h (37 mph)

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